With people beginning to worry more about the real estate space, air they breathe and how healthy they feel, plantation and greenery in the vicinity has become imperative. The growing property rates and higher levels of pollution in our cities and the kind of health conditions people face due to unhealthy air and environment has encouraged people to embrace some previously used plantation techniques.
Some people may also be interested in gardening and may want to start their own garden. However, there may be space
crunch. Yes, you guessed it right! ‘Vertical gardening’ is a pleasing option.
Vertical gardens can be kept indoors as well as outdoors.
It is a novel, uncomplicated and a high yielding growing system that makes use of the top-down and bottom-up supports for various plants in both lesser and larger garden areas.
It helps to build living screens or living walls between different areas, secluding your yard or home.
Now, vertical gardening is also done to grow flowers and some vegetables.
Why Vertical Garden?
Vertical garden has gained some attention throughout the globe and has become a resourceful solution in many metro cities globally.
Below mentioned is the list of benefits you may get from the vertical garden:
- Indoor and outdoor uses
- Easy to build and portable
- Reduces heat and smog in urban areas; Frost resistant
- Purifies air from dust and pollutants
- Removes volatile organic compounds and other hazardous toxins such as formaldehyde and benzene
- Works as sound proofing barrier
- Purifies water flowing through the wall
- Cools and insulates building envelope
- Reduces carbon dioxide
- Has humidifying effect
- Reduces the energy used by air conditioning systems; reduces cost and carbon emissions
- Water capture; filtration of runoff
- Increases biodiversity
- Can act as a food source
- Increases the value of real estate
- Through biophilia, there is speedy recovery of diseased patients
- Aids attention deficit hyperactivity disorder children to focus better in school
- Growing plants up with a small footprint
- Requires lesser soil preparation and digging
- Requires lesser space to grow a variety of plants
- Compact space but larger yield
- Less weeding and lesser menace of plant diseases and pests
- Lesser maintenance
- Improved air circulation
- Planting at eye level; less backbreaking work
How to Make a Vertical Garden?
The approach used in building vertical gardens is similar to the technique used to build traditional gardens.
It needs similar kind of attention. While developing a vertical garden, rather than it being just a green wall, we must also focus on its texture, layers, color, contrast and blooming.
The selection of the plats and the design of the garden depend on the project-specific conditions. In order to ensure that the garden is beautiful and healthy, choosing the right plants and the right location is imperative.
Three Common Designs to Build Vertical Garden Include:
- Do It Yourself (DIY): Building the garden vertically usinghouseholdd items (gutters, walls, pots, fencing etc.)
- Kits: Using the ready to build benches, arbors, arches, frames, towers etc.
- Professional design: Taking help of a landscaper or a garden artist to construct and install a professionally designed garden.
Steps to Build Vertical Garden:
1. Choose a surface
• Choose a surface where the plants can receive some sunlight everyday
• Not much space is required
• See to it that there is sufficient space to dispense the seeds or seedlings needed to plant
2. Choose the right plant
• Choice of plant relies on the surface chosen
• It also depends on the availability of sunlight
• If the area receives partial sunlight, you can grow basil, mint, parsley and coriander
• If the area receives full sunlight, you can grow strawberries and cherry tomatoes
• Choose seasonal plants
3. Fix a frame to your surface
• Once the surface is selected, building a vertical garden will need a frame
• Attach frame to the selected surface
• You can buy existing frames or build one yourself.
4. Start planting!
• Plant and water the selected plant seedlings
• Have a good irrigation system to ensure healthy growth
• Make use of recyclables and go green!
GNG understands your love for gardening better. There are many products available for building your dream vertical garden. Some of them include:
- Appropriate and right gardening plants
- Gardening tools
- Organic soil feeds
- A wide range of pots
- Get green potting mix
What to Plant in Vertical Garden?
Indoor Plants – Aglaonema Pink, Aglaonema Varigated, Syngonium Pink, Syngonium white Outdoor Plants – Chlorophytum Green, Rhoeo Green, Song Of India, Arelia.
How to Water Vertical Garden?
A good irrigation system allows the plants to grow vertically in a healthy way especially if they are directly exposed to sun and wind.
One of the most commonly used methods used in vertical gardening is the gravity drip. In this method the top row of pots is watered. The water gradually feeds onto the plants located below the top row. This can be achieved by either hand watering the plants or by mounting a drip water system. This method is perfect to conserve water.
When Should the Plants Be Watered?
Suitable time to water the plants in vertical garden is early in the morning or in the evening.
This prevents the soil from getting dry by retaining the required moisture in it. Watering the plants in the middle of a warm or hot day may result in evaporation of moisture too quickly.
When Is Watering Needed?
Just like all plants, the plants in your vertical garden will need regular watering. There is no exact answer on when watering is needed. Plant will need water when it starts drying up. Thus, water the plant every 7 days or so. Check the soil with your finger to know if it is approaching dryness. If the soil feels dry, it is important to water the plants.
How Much Watering Is Needed?
One cannot give an exact answer to this. The amount of water needed in vertical garden depends on climate, environmental conditions, garden design, system type, substrate used to grow the plants and characteristics of vegetation grown.
You may explore unconventional water sources for use in irrigation (harvested and recycled water). This may curtail the reliance on potable water.
Can Watering Cause Seepage?
Since vertical gardening makes use of plastic and aluminum, there cannot be any seepage issues.
Do not let the water run off the wall. Use a trough beneath with a flow outlet to collect runoff water.
How to Prevent Issues With Damp From Condensation or Seepage?
Build your green walls with a gap between it and the supporting wall. One may even use an impermeable layer to prevent water seepage and wall damage.
How to Maintain Vertical Garden?
Categories of maintenance involved in vertical gardening.
• Arises during the first 1-2 years post installation
• Undertaken to completely understand the design and outcomes
• Includes weed control, trimming and irrigation to warrant healthy and vigorous
growth of plants
ROUTINE OR RECURRENT MAINTENANCE
• Preserves an acceptable image of the garden
• Includes weeding, trimming, elimination of leaf litter, mowing
• Scheduled less frequently
• Safeguards the infrastructure of vertical garden and meets safety standards
• Includes pruning
REACTIVE AND PREVENTATIVE MAINTENANCE
• Conducted when the system fails partially or if it shows signs of intrinsic failure
• Modifies the anticipated aesthetic of the wall itself
• Carried out when the ownership changes or when a failing design is either detached